Breasts come in all different shapes and sizes in nature. Women with small breasts, large breasts, and any size in between fall on the spectrum of normal development. However, a number of breast deformities do exist. One of these is Tuberous Breast Deformity (TBD), more commonly referred to as tuberous breasts. This is a congenital condition that women and some men are born with that becomes apparent when their breast tissue does not develop normally. It is not certain what causes this abnormality, but the results of one study of breast tissue specimens in 2011 suggest that it is genetic involving a disorder of collagen deposition.
Women with this condition do not merely have small breasts; tuberous breasts are structurally different from normally developed breasts in that the have an elongated, tubular shape. Characteristics of tuberous breasts include: “enlarged, puffy areola, unusually wide spacing between the breasts, minimal breast tissue, sagging, higher than normal breast fold, and narrow base at the chest wall.” However, tuberous breasts exist along a spectrum, with mild cases having just a slightly shorter than ideal fold to nipple distance and extreme cases having all the above mentioned deformities, so not all tuberous breasts look alike.
Tuberous breasts develop abnormally. The breast tissue that does grow herniates into the nipple. This is not a health concern, but some women with tuberous breasts cannot breastfeed their babies because their milk glands are too underdeveloped to produce milk.
How many women have tuberous breasts?
It’s difficult to say. It’s estimated that between 1 and 5% of breast augmentations done are due to TBD, but many women suffer unhappily with this condition and never try to get any kind of treatment. Some of them become so ashamed of their breasts that they hide them from everyone. They report that having TBD negatively impacts their sense of self, making them feel worthless or less than desirable or womanly. It can have a bad effect on their romantic relationships as well.
Women and men who seek out plastic surgery to improve their appearance need to know a number of things. They’re concerned about the types of outcomes they can expect, how safe certain procedures and plastic surgery facilities are, and they want to know the cost of various types of plastic surgeries.
Unfortunately, pricing plastic surgery isn’t like pricing athletic gear at the store; it’s more complicated. Many people will go online and search for typical costs. One resource many people use is the website of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS). If you search the ASPS’s site for costs, one of the pages that comes up is the tummy tuck cost page which states that the average cost of a tummy tuck is $5,502, according to 2015 statistics from the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.
This $5,502 figure, however, only covers the surgeon’s fee. It does not cover anesthesia, operating room facilities, prescription medications, or other related expenses. When you consult a plastic surgeon in Houston Texas about the cost of a tummy tuck, the cost quoted to you will include any services provided, so it will likely be higher than the cost quoted on the ASPS website. Please keep that in mind.
Additionally, this $5,502 is the national average for that procedure. Price will vary based on geographical location as well. The cost of operating a business is different in California than in Kansas or Texas, as will the number of surgeons practicing in a given area and their level of training and skill. Many patients will travel long distances to ensure access to the best surgeons and medical care because a permanent surgical alteration is not something that can be taken back to the store and exchanged. It’s something you need a trusted professional to do right the first time. Great doctors are in high demand because surgeons with their training, skill level, experience are relatively rare.
Similarly, the surgery length or difficulty will also affect the cost of any procedure. Not every type of plastic surgery requires the same technology, skill, or resources. A mini-tummy tuck will not be as expensive as a full tummy tuck, and a breast augmentation is a more straightforward procedure than a breast lift or a combination of breast augmentation and lift.