Breasts come in all different shapes and sizes in nature. Women with small breasts, large breasts, and any size in between fall on the spectrum of normal development. However, a number of breast deformities do exist. One of these is Tuberous Breast Deformity (TBD), more commonly referred to as tuberous breasts. This is a congenital condition that women and some men are born with that becomes apparent when their breast tissue does not develop normally. It is not certain what causes this abnormality, but the results of one study of breast tissue specimens in 2011 suggest that it is genetic involving a disorder of collagen deposition.
Women with this condition do not merely have small breasts; tuberous breasts are structurally different from normally developed breasts in that the have an elongated, tubular shape. Characteristics of tuberous breasts include: “enlarged, puffy areola, unusually wide spacing between the breasts, minimal breast tissue, sagging, higher than normal breast fold, and narrow base at the chest wall.” However, tuberous breasts exist along a spectrum, with mild cases having just a slightly shorter than ideal fold to nipple distance and extreme cases having all the above mentioned deformities, so not all tuberous breasts look alike.
Tuberous breasts develop abnormally. The breast tissue that does grow herniates into the nipple. This is not a health concern, but some women with tuberous breasts cannot breastfeed their babies because their milk glands are too underdeveloped to produce milk.
How many women have tuberous breasts?
It’s difficult to say. It’s estimated that between 1 and 5% of breast augmentations done are due to TBD, but many women suffer unhappily with this condition and never try to get any kind of treatment. Some of them become so ashamed of their breasts that they hide them from everyone. They report that having TBD negatively impacts their sense of self, making them feel worthless or less than desirable or womanly. It can have a bad effect on their romantic relationships as well.
Women and men who seek out plastic surgery to improve their appearance need to know a number of things. They’re concerned about the types of outcomes they can expect, how safe certain procedures and plastic surgery facilities are, and they want to know the cost of various types of plastic surgeries.
Unfortunately, pricing plastic surgery isn’t like pricing athletic gear at the store; it’s more complicated. Many people will go online and search for typical costs. One resource many people use is the website of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS). If you search the ASPS’s site for costs, one of the pages that comes up is the tummy tuck cost page which states that the average cost of a tummy tuck is $5,502, according to 2015 statistics from the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.
This $5,502 figure, however, only covers the surgeon’s fee. It does not cover anesthesia, operating room facilities, prescription medications, or other related expenses. When you consult a plastic surgeon in Houston Texas about the cost of a tummy tuck, the cost quoted to you will include any services provided, so it will likely be higher than the cost quoted on the ASPS website. Please keep that in mind.
Additionally, this $5,502 is the national average for that procedure. Price will vary based on geographical location as well. The cost of operating a business is different in California than in Kansas or Texas, as will the number of surgeons practicing in a given area and their level of training and skill. Many patients will travel long distances to ensure access to the best surgeons and medical care because a permanent surgical alteration is not something that can be taken back to the store and exchanged. It’s something you need a trusted professional to do right the first time. Great doctors are in high demand because surgeons with their training, skill level, experience are relatively rare.
Similarly, the surgery length or difficulty will also affect the cost of any procedure. Not every type of plastic surgery requires the same technology, skill, or resources. A mini-tummy tuck will not be as expensive as a full tummy tuck, and a breast augmentation is a more straightforward procedure than a breast lift or a combination of breast augmentation and lift.
The trend of men taking advantage of plastic surgery continues to increase in popularity. The most popular type of plastic surgery men men choose is liposuction, but a procedure to address either enlarged breast tissue or protruding nipples known as gynecomastia is now the third most popular in the United States. This procedure, called reduction mammoplasty, involves the removal of excess fat and glandular tissue and can be performed safely on otherwise healthy men of all ages.
What is gynecomastia? It is the “swelling of the breast tissue in boys or men, caused by an imbalance of the hormones estrogen and testosterone.” There are a number of reasons men today experience swollen breast tissue. Weight gain will cause breast size to increase, and hormone imbalances, specifically the decrease in the amount of testosterone produced relative to estrogen, will cause swelling. The latter can result in symptoms like pain, tenderness, or breast discharge. A number of medications can also cause swollen breast tissue, including antidepressants, anabolic steroids, cancer treatment medications, and AIDS drugs. Alcohol and other recreational drugs are other culprits.
While gynecomastia is not a serious or dangerous medical condition, having enlarged breast tissue often makes boys and men feel self conscious and embarrassed about their bodies sometimes for years or even decades. Between the ages of 50 and 69, this condition peaks in men with about 25% of them affected. This is the result of normal hormone changes that accompany aging, but overweight men are more likely to be affected.
While some men are able to reduce their breast tissue with weight loss, this is not the case if there is enlarged glandular tissue. In fact, in some men gynecomastia becomes more obvious with exercise. In these situations, the only effective, long-term treatment is to eliminate it completely with surgery. This can be done on either adolescents or men, although gynecomastia in teens is often temporary and resolves itself.
What is involved in a male breast reduction? It’s a procedure that creates a more streamlined silhouette that highlights the natural contours of the chest and produces a more manly look. The complexity of the surgery, and length/placement of scarring will depend on whether your surgeon must remove fat only, fat and glandular tissue or fat, glandular tissue and excess skin. Fat only may be reduced via liposuction, while glandular tissue and skin will likely require direct excision via open incision.
Are you worried about the wrinkles around your eyes and how they make your face look older? Unfortunately the skin all over your body becomes less elastic as you age. Drooping an wrinkles are the result. While there are a number of surgical procedures that can be performed in order to rejuvenate the face and smooth out lines, Bancroft Feldman recommends Botox as an excellent non-surgical treatment for rejuvenation of the face in the eye and forehead area. Botox has been a trend in plastic surgery for since the Food and Drug Administration approved it for smoothing wrinkles between the eyebrows in 2002. In addition to Dr. Bancroft, Bancroft Feldman also has nurse injector for Botox administration.
What is Botox?
It’s a drug that, when injected, blocks the signals sent by the nerves to your muscles directing them to contract. If the muscles around the eyes are prevented from contracting, this makes the wrinkles there less prominent.
Why go to a plastic surgeon for Botox if it’s not surgery?
Botox is available and for sale in many places at a discount. Beware these kinds of “deals.” Some sellers will advertise cheap Botox but will use counterfeit medication, dilute the drug with saline, or use similar competitive manufacturers in order to make more of a profit. Others begin injecting Botox after only a short training course or less. It’s much safer and wiser to get the procedure done in a surgeon’s office where you know that the drug and standards of care are both top notch and monitored for quality.
Social media is unavoidable for nearly everyone these days, and the Millennial generation is comprised of what social media experts refer to as “digital natives.” These young people grew up being surrounded by computers and the internet, they’ve lived more of their lives online than any previous generation, and now they are old enough to make their own choices. If this recent survey is correct, 98 percent of Millennials have cell phones, and 93 percent of them are a part of social networking.
One of the most visible things that has come out of this kind of internet saturation is the selfie. A generation ago, when people took photographs and had to wait to see how they turned out, they took a lot fewer of them and they rarely focused them on themselves. Now people can show others how they are living and having fun in real time either on Instagram, Facebook, Twitter, or another type of social media. When they do highlight their lives, they want to look good. Really good.
While people figure out the best angles and lighting for their own selfies, close-up photos do tend to highlight certain facial and figure flaws. Seeing other people post their best pics of themselves makes people compare their own good and bad to others’. Sometimes what’s bad can be fixed by solutions like exercise, weight loss, better clothing or makeup, or a more flattering haircut, but other times you need something surgical done.
Millennials tend to take their time deciding about having a surgical procedure done - often more than a year - and it’s online where they go to get information and opinions as well. A RealSelf survey found that almost half of the patients who responded had been influenced in their decision by social media. They asked their friends for their opinions, they checked reviews online, and they looked to see if the doctor they were considering had any sort of online presence and seems experienced and trustworthy.
Many patients will also use online tools like Instagram filters to alter their appearance and explain to their surgeon what kind of outcome they’d like to see. They look through before and after photos of various celebrities who have had cosmetic surgery, and they’ll tweet photos after their procedure is done and they can show off their improved bodies. Partly because of the internet and the openness it’s created, the stigma about talking about plastic surgery and deciding to have it is becoming a thing of the past.